Some foot diseases, such as an ingrown or thickening toenail, can easily be avoided. At Clinique Podiatrique de Chomedey in Laval, our staff keeps your feet healthy by informing you about:
The proper way to clip nails
The importance of choosing the right shoes
The nail becomes ingrown when it pushes into the surrounding skin. This is usually seen on the big toe, but can also occur on other toes. Ingrown toenails can be caused by improper nail cutting, an inherited malformation, injury, a fungal infection or pressure.
An ingrown toenail can cause pain at the tip or the base of the toe. The pain is often more severe when walking. The ingrown toenail also can cause infection or inflammation. In cases of infection, you may see redness or pus.
To determine the extent of the problem, your podiatrist sometimes examines the painful area by applying gentle pressure. If other problems are identified, the doctor may order blood tests, cultures or x-rays.
When the nail is not infected, the podiatrist can simply cut the corner of the nail to remove the symptoms. In the case of a partially ingrown nail, the podiatrist may have to remove one side of the nail to the cuticle to treat the base of the nail. A serious infection or fully ingrown nail may require antibiotics and the removal of the nail entirely, either temporarily or permanently. A local anesthetic can be used to reduce pain during the procedure.
Thickening or abnormal erosion of the nail may be caused by an injury, pressure from a shoe, a fungal infection or a disease like diabetes, psoriasis or vascular disease. Over time, the nail may separate and fall off.
In addition to thickening, the nail may seem scuffed, brittle or yellowed. You may also feel pain when you press down on the nail.
As nail thickening can be an indicator of an underlying problem, it is important that the podiatrist checks your medical history to detect the presence of health problems associated with this disease. The thickness and the color of the nail are also examined carefully for the presence of infection or other diseases.
In the case of a fungal infection, it is possible to use oral or topical antifungal medications. This treatment may prevent ulceration under the nail while preventing the fungus from spreading to other nails. If the pain is unbearable, the podiatrist may have to remove the nail surgically.
A large number of nail-related problems can be avoided by wearing the right shoes and cutting your nails properly. To avoid infection, it is important to have clean and dry feet. If you are diabetic, talk to your podiatrist before treating your feet.
Proper nail cutting
To avoid problems, try to trim your nails straight, without rounded corners. Try doing it with an emery board.
Choosing the right shoes
Have your feet measured (the length of your feet can change with age). Choose a type of footwear that supports your feet while leaving enough room to wiggle your toes. In addition, shoes made of natural materials, such as leather, allow the feet to breathe. Chose them over the others!
For any questions about a foot problem, make an appointment at our clinic.
4415 Boulevard Notre-Dame, Suite 106
Chomedey, Laval (Québec) H7W 1T7